Unveiling Nuclear EK (II)

In the first part, we got an example of the case we want to analyze. Having the HTML files extracted with Wireshark, we can start the analysis.

(1) index.php


Simple; redirects to (2) http://zvqumcs1tsfct4sjvzot3p9.filmtane.com/watch.php?kcppp=MTE3NzU5ODg2Nzk3NjRlY2M0MmJiNDk3M2NmZGVkM2Fl.

(2) watch.php

The server responds to the request:

HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Server: nginx/1.4.3
Date: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 16:39:20 GMT
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Connection: keep-alive
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate
Expires: Wed, 11 Feb 2015 16:39:20 +0000
Location: http://zvqumcs1tsfct4sjvzot3p9.filmtane.com/BQdXBkRUTQg.html

Again, it is redirected. This time to (3) http://zvqumcs1tsfct4sjvzot3p9.filmtane.com/BQdXBkRUTQg.html

This technique is called Cushion Redirection and is forcing the client to “jump” to evade navigation filters.

(3) BQdXBkRUTQg.html


Okay. This is the HTML file we were looking for: nonsensical text and clearly obfuscated javascript code.


We will unobfuscate the javascript code to see what’s going on inside.


Once unobfuscated, we see that the object exploiting the vulnerability (in this case there are several but we will focus on the Flash object) is being called from a second javascript embedded in the HTML and obfuscated in the, apparently, meaningless text.


This javascript loads in runtime the flash object (4) Bk8RH15VB1xLUk5SS1BXClYHDgVUBlNLV1UWVAkOGVQBTQZQVkQDXQs

-> GET http://zvqumcs1tsfct4sjvzot3p9.filmtane.com/Bk8RH15VB1xLUk5SS1BXClYHDgVUBlNLV1UWVAkOGVQBTQZQVkQDXQs
<- HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Passing as the FlashVars parameter the string “exec=N3NNYPWYYgX3YW...” that acts as part of the exploit's payload.

NOTE: We should realize that these Exploit Kit are made to be as flexible as possible to sell as many as possible. This way, you just need to change this part of the payload to suit the demands of the buyer.

Before concluding this post, we should ask ourselves: if it is calling a flash object, why the proxy detects its type as application/octet-stream and not as application/x-shockwave-flash?

We will explain the reason in the next post.


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